Critical Analysis is that mode of thinking about any subject, content, or problem in which the thinker improves the quality of his or her thinking by skilfully analyzing, assessing, and reconstructing it.
Critical thinking is self directed, self disciplined, self monitored, and self corrective thinking. It entails effective communication and problem solving abilities, as well as a commitment to overcome ones naive egocentrism and sociocentrism.
To analyse thinking:
Identify its purpose, question, information, conclusion(s), assumptions, implications, main concept(s) and point of view.
To assess thinking:
Check it for clarity, accuracy, precision, relevance, depth, breadth, significance, logic and fairness.
A well cultivated critical thinker raises vital questions and problems, formulating them clearly and precisely. They gather and assess relevant information, using abstract ideas to interpret effectively. They come to well reasoned conclusions and solutions, testing them against relevant criteria and standards.
A well cultivated thinker thinks with an open mind within alternative systems of thought, recognizing and assessing, as need be, their assumptions, implications, and practical consequences; and communicates effectively with others in figuring out solutions to complex problems.
Critical Thinking/Analysis may be defined as:
Thinking explicitly aimed at well founded judgement, utilising appropriate evaluative standards in an attempt to determine the true worth, merit, or value of something.